Recognized as the national dog of Cuba, the Havanese was originally bred from the now extinct Blanquito de la Habana in the 1500s. The Blanquito descended from the also now-extinct Bichón Tenerife. The Blanquito was eventually cross-bred with other types of Bichons to create what is now known as the Havanese. This breed is known as “silk dogs” due to this its soft-coated ancestors that were sought after by historical figures such as Queen Victoria and Charles Dickens. The Havanese’s very soft and silky coat actually helps keep them cool in the heat. The Havanese is the only breed of dog considered native to Cuba. Since arriving in the 1950s in United States, this breed has been a hit and is still one of the fastest-growing breeds registered by the AKC, ranking 25th in popularity.
Havanese are often described as caring, sweet, calm, loyal, and affectionate. They have a very desirable demeanor, and they tend to quickly bond with their family. These dogs are kid-friendly and also do well with other pets inside the household, including cats. This breed is very sociable and does tend to get lonely if left for extended periods of time alone.
The Havanese can be found in many different colors and patterns. In fact, this breed is one of the most colorful dog breeds in existence. They are normally found in sable, red, gold, black, blue, silver, chocolate, brindle, champagne, cream, and white. Many are even a combination of two or more of these colors. Their coats are prone to tangle if not brushed often and correctly. Special attention should be given should their coat be curly versus flat when it comes to brushing.
A Havanese puppy grows quickly and needs the proper nutrition to develop. This can be obtained by providing him with high-quality dog food. The proper amount will depend on his activity level and age. He should be fed at least two meals a day, every twelve hours. This will help keep him on a good routine and filled with the energy he needs. Routine teeth cleaning and nail clipping are highly suggested, as is a weekly to bi-weekly bath. Poor dental hygiene for your dog can contribute to preventable health issues.
- Havanese weigh between seven and thirteen pounds at full maturity.
- Despite reaching full maturity at one year of age, they reach their full body size around six months in age where they stand between eight to twelve inches tall.
- The Havanese has an average life expectancy of thirteen to fifteen years.
Fact: The Havanese is the only native dog to Cuba.
Fact: This breed is also known as the silk dog due to its luxurious coats.
Fact: Their thick coats actually keep them cool in the warm summer months by blocking the hot Cuban sun.
Fact: This breed fits in well in households with other dogs and cats.